Agate Fossil Beds
Just outside of Harrison Nebraska, Agate Fossil Beds is one of three national monuments in the state. Species of dinosaur and large, extinct mammals from the Miocene era, fill the lands around this area, including an ancient species of horse called the “Miohippus”. The site was sacred to the Lakota tribe, and in the 1890’s, was a cattle ranch owned by Captain James Cook.
2 ½ miles north of Alliance Nebraska, you will find one of the most original creations of the area; Carhenge. During the 1980’s, sculpture Jim Reinders built this unique replica in memory of his father. More than 30 members of his family came together, and helped put this incredible monument together using a total of 38 automobiles.
Less than 2 miles south of Bayard, Nebraska sits one of the most widely known landmarks of the Oregon and Mormon Trails. From 1812 through 1866, thousands of pioneers passed by this natural wonder, many of which carved their names into the sandstone. Many others sketched the rock, carrying a piece of history with them as they traveled on west. Due to it’s historical value, a Chimney Rock design was chosen to represent the state on the reverse side of the Nebraska State Quarter.
2 ½ miles south of Crawford, Nebraska lies the site of a dramatic battle between the Lakota and the Crow Nations. Legends state that the Crow nation was stranded atop the butte by the Lakota, though escaped in the night. In the early 1980’s, the federal government found a Uranium deposit on the site.
Beginning as an Army post in 1874 during the Indian Wars, this fort continued to grow and was used until after World War II. Named for Lt. Levi Robinson, the fort became one of the largest installations of the Northern Plains. In the 1930’s, Fort Robinson became a Prisoner of War camp. Today, you can still visit the barracks and buildings of the original inhabitants.
Oregon Trail Wagon Train
Less than a mile from Chimney Rock, travelers can take a trip back in time and join in an actual Wagon Train. Horses, covered wagons, and cooking out on the plains gives the modern family a chance to experience the old west and live a few days in the lives of the original pioneers.
1 mile east of Henry Nebraska is the exact location of where Mormon leader, Brigham Young gathered his followers in a special circle of prayer. Many stayed behind in what was then known as Winter’s Quarters, Nebraska, while the rest continued on to present day Salt Lake City, Utah.
Rebecca Winters’ Grave
1 ½ miles east of Scottsbluff Nebraska is the resting place of a pioneer woman by the name of Rebecca Winters. During the second wave of the Mormon Trail migration, many lost their lives to the elements, including this brave woman. In 1902, surveyors for the Burlington Northern Railroad found her grave marker and changed the direction of their lines in order to protect her final resting place.
Robidoux Pass and Trading Post
2 miles south and 8 miles west of Gering Nebraska sits the site of a fur traders station. Indians brought furs to trade and pioneers saw it as a sign of civilization after months on the open prairie. Reconstructed to look exactly as it did more than a hundred years ago and still offers all the goods that would have been available in the 1800’s.
Scottsbluff National Monument
3 miles west of Gering Nebraska sits one of states greatest natural rock formations. In the early 1800’s, a fur trapper by the name of Hiram Scott died at the base of this site due to injuries from a bear attack, hence the name. The bluff was one of the most important landmarks during the many westward migrations.