1. Limit Time Spent Outdoor in Cold Weather
The winter season’s first snowfall lures many people outdoors. Making a snowman and participating in a snowball fight is pleasurable. However, with snowfall temperatures ranging in the 20’s and teen’s, too much fun can be a bad thing. It is important to be aware of the current temperature, and avoid prolong exposure to cold weather. Parents should also limit the amount of time their children spend playing in the snow. Children can become caught up in the excitement, and disregard early signs of frost bite.
2. Dress Appropriately for the Climate
If you’re going to be spending a lot of time outdoors in cold weather, dress properly. Keep your hands protected with gloves, and wear a scarf if necessary. Perhaps you have observed a person wearing flip-flops, shorts, or a short sleeve shirt in extremely cold weather. Even if your body can adjust to cold temperatures, always wear a jacket when journeying outdoors in the winter. Moreover, keeping your arms and legs completely protected is a sure defense against frost bite.
3. Remove Wet Clothing Immediately
Change clothes or shoes that become wet from playing in the snow. Wet clothing accompanied with extreme low temperatures can intensify frost bite. Even if you plan on spending additional time outdoors, periodically change wet socks, boots, and pants. Furthermore, it might help to have an additional hat, pair of gloves, and scarf. A weatherproof jacket, snowsuit, and snow accessories help maintain dry clothing and reduce the chance of frost bite.
4. Stay In-Doors
Obey alerts issued by the local and national weather centers. For example, if local forecasters suggest remaining in-doors because of dangerously low temperatures or climate changes, follow their advice. Winter storms and blizzards can result in single-digit or subzero temperatures, in which frost bite can develop within minutes. Protect yourself by staying in the house and keeping warm. If you must travel outdoors, make sure that every inch of skin is shielded from the cold, and wear layers of clothing.
5. Check for Signs of Frost Bite
Recognizing the signs or symptoms of frost bite is an additional way to protect your skin. In the beginning, the affected areas will appear white, and a burning sensation may occur. Numbness and blistering develops as the condition worsens. Severe cases of frost bite call for medical attention because possible tissue loss can occur. Blood-filled blisters are a common sign of tissue damage.