As war rages on in distant countries and as unquestionably so on the home front, the care and treatment of burns should be addressed. For one never knows when a house fire will strike, a car will crash, chemicals will explode or you’re just careless when burning candles and catch a sleeve on fire.
Severe burns of the second and third degree kill mainly by shock. The pain is so unbearable the mind and body cannot cope with the stress. If a severe burn is localized on a small portion of the body the person has a high rate of survival as compared to someone whose body is burned by half or more. Severe burns are dehydrating not only because moisture held in the upper layers of skin has been destroyed. When the burn has reached the lower layers of skin a multitude of things happen. At this level substances are absorbed quicker and more readily than outer layer skin absorption. Bacteria, viruses, and germs can enter more easily due to disturbed passages of the Capillaries.
Plasma or liquid blood becomes a great concern as it leaks out and wets the burned surface. This is the big reason dehydration and blood loss occurs. In this instance, you could say burns of this nature cause you to bleed to death.
Next the cardiac heartbeat slows as less blood passes through the heart. While heart failure grows near, oxygen ceases to deliver adequate amounts into vital organs. Wastes build up in the bloodstream, as they cannot be carried away fast enough. Capillary passages in areas other then the burn site collect a buildup of fluid due to wastes sealing off tiny blood vessels in the charred region. Stopping Plasma from oozing out should be the primary treatment action along with Plasma transfusions. Plasma becomes the pivotal point of survival.
Open wound burns of the second or third degree nature should be treated with great care so as not to further damage Epithelium tissue, tissue responsible for regeneration and growth. While keeping a watchful eye out for infections tissues must be given a chance to heal by allowing them to rest. As little movement as possible should be maintained as healing takes place. Skin grafts might have to be done to restore and cover hard to heal burns stunted by infection.
If you or someone else gets burned seek gauze from a first aid kit or get a clean towel and cover the burn. Do not use butter or greasy ointments. They seem to cause heat from the burn to burn deeper into the skin plus infections are easily suspended in the grease and have no trouble working down into open wound tissue. Burns other than first will give rise to twice the pain, as grease will have to be cleaned off the burn during treatment by doctors.
Chemical or contaminated burns must immediately be cleansed. Water and soap free of irritants, such as dye, or salt water should be used. Do not rub hard as screaming will ensue and make it more difficult not to cause extended damage.
Displaced loose skin and tissue should be taken off before applying a sterile ointment and covering the freshly cleansed burn. A compression dressing should follow consisting of more gauze or a like material. This is meant to hold the underlying covering securely and prevent loss of fluids.
Analgesics like Morphine may be used in controlling the intensity of pain suffered by burn victims. The atmosphere of a burn victim should be kept around 72 to 75 degrees. Be aware of the smell major burns emit as skin tissue continues to die off. It smells of rotting flesh.