As a parent of a sixteen year old, I see a need for our teens to become more aware of sexually transmitted diseases,
and their risks of contacting them if sexually active. Sexually transmitted diseases ( STDs) are spread from person to person usually during sexual contact. Some teens don’t realize the germs that cause sexually transmitted diseases (STDs ) are not just spread through intercourse, (STDs) can be spread during oral, anal or vaginal sex. Viruses or bacteria that cause sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can enter the body through tiny cuts or tears in the mouth and anus, as well as the genitals. Some sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), like herpes or genital warts, spread from skin-to-skin contact. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can also be spread by using an infected needle.
Teens don’t usually spend a lot of time thinking about their risk, of getting, or spreading a sexually transmitted disease (STD). The Center for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that 19 million new cases of sexually transmitted diseases occur each year in the U.S., and almost half are among 15- to 24-year-olds. In the U.S. 10,000 teens are infected by sexually transmitted diseases ( STDs) per day, one out of every four sexually active teens has an STD.
The only way to completely prevent a sexually transmitted disease (STDs), is to abstain from all types of sexual contact, but for some teens this is impossible due to peer pressure, having a boyfriend or just being promiscuous. Sexual activity at a young age, lots of sex partners and unprotected sex, are putting teens at a greater risk, of contacting a sexually transmitted disease (STD). If sexually active, teens should get tested yearly, for a sexually transmitted disease (STD). If they have an STD, they should inform anyone they had sexual contact with, in some states, it’s a criminal offense if you don’t.
list of some of the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome – is caused by the virus (HIV) the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The virus is passed through blood, semen, or vaginal fluids from an infected person ,through sex and sharing needles. An infected woman can also pass the virus to her child before or during birth. If you get infected with HIV, later you might develop AIDS, (HIV) the Human Immunodeficiency Virus disease, becomes AIDS when your immune system is seriously damaged. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1 million to 1.2 million U.S. residents are living with HIV/AIDS infection, about a quarter of them do not know they have it. There are drugs that can slow down the HIV virus, and slow down the damage to your immune system. There is no cure for AIDS.
Chlamydia – is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis and is transmitted through sexual intercourse. If you are diagnosed with chlamydia, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics to clear up the infection in 7 to 10 days
Genital Herpes – is caused by a virus called herpes simplex, there are different types of herpes virus called HSV-1 and HSV-2. HSV-1 causes the cold sores or fever blisters, that appear on or around the mouth, lips, or nose. It can be passed from person to person, by sharing eating utensils, or from kissing someone with a cold sore. HSV-2, is a sexually transmitted disease. The sores may appear on the vagina, buttocks, anus, or penis. An infected person has about four to five herpes outbreaks each year. There is no cure for herpes.
Trichomoniasis – is caused by a parasite that can cause vaginitis, inflammation of the vagina. Symptoms are thick vaginal discharge that can be gray or yellowish green and have a foul odor with itching. It can be transmitted through towels or wash cloths or bathing suit of an infected person. The doctor will prescribe antibiotics, trichomoniasis is curable.
A hotline you can call for information is the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) National STD Hotline at 1-800-227-8922
Resources: Campaign For Our Children, INC
The Center for Disease Control