An independent adoption is one which doesn’t include the services of an agency. Instead, the adoptive parents connect directly with the biological mother in order to arrange the adoption. Sometimes independent adoptions are facilitated by an attorney or a physician, but that doesn’t have to be the case. Independent adoptions are conducted all the time with only the biological and adoptive parents involved.
The Basics of Independent Adoptions: Financial Responsbility
Independent adoptions are much different from agency adoptions because of one significant factor: financial responsibility. Not only do you accept financial responsibility for the child after the adoption, but you are also expected to provide financially for the mother and child during the pregnancy. You will pay all medical bills, and sometimes adoptive parents will provide housing, food and other necessities for the mother until the baby is born.
The Basics of Independent Adoptions: Risk
In addition to financial responsibility, there is something of a risk involved. Even if you have taken care of the mother financially throughout her entire pregnancy, she still has the right to change her mind once the baby is born, and she doesn’t legally have to pay back the money you spent on her. This is why most people choose agency adoptions; even if the mother changes the mind, at least the adoptive parents don’t wind up in debt.
The Basics of Independent Adoptions: Personalization
Some people prefer independent adoptions because it is a much more personal process. You get to go to doctor’s appointments and view the ultrasounds. Many couples who cannot conceive children naturally find it disheartening not to go through the pregnancy process; independent adoptions makes it happen. However, the heartache is that much stronger if the biological mother happens to change her mind. The adoptive parents become emotionally attached to the child before it is even born.
The Basics of Independent Adoptions: Legal Counsel
Not only should the adoptive parents retain legal counsel during an independent adoption, but they may also be required to pay for a different attorney for the biological mother. This is to make sure that all parties are equally represented in case of a dispute.
The Basics of Independent Adoptions: Counseling
The adoptive parents may wish to participate in counseling during an independent adoption, and in some states it is required that the adoptive parents provide counseling to the biological mother. This is to ensure that she fully understands the moral and emotional implications of the adoption, and to aid her in making informed decisions that will affect her for the rest of her life.
The Basics of Independent Adoptions: After the Adoption
Many biological mothers who choose independent adoption will want certain rights to see the child after he or she is born. There is much debate as to whether or not this is healthy for the child, so it is something that the adoptive parents must consider before beginning the process. A contract should be drafted between attorneys when it comes to visitation, and both parties must agree on the terms before the child is taken home by the adoptive parents.