My husband was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in 1998. For a few years diet, exercise, monitoring and diabetes pills kept it under control. After having surgery on his lung, lack of exercise, high cholesterol and other complications led to him getting heart disease. He is now also injecting insulin, to help keep his blood sugar in control.
I hope the following information will help people with diabetes become more aware of the importance of good control of the symptoms of diabetes.
Diabetes is a chronic disease, even with treatment it doesn’t go away. Left untreated, it can lead to complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney and eye disease. Diabetes can be controlled with a treatment plan.
Self-monitoring by checking your own blood sugar at home with a blood glucose meter is a good start. Exercise can help control your weight and lower your blood sugar level. Your doctor can help develop an exercise plan for you.
Medications such as diabetes pills and injected insulin work to make your own insulin work better and help your body make more insulin.
A dietitian can create a meal plan that fits your lifestyle such as carbohydrate counting and the Food Exchange System. Sticking to a meal plan and eating well-balanced meals leads to better diabetes management.
If you have diabetes you will need a blood test is called A1C (A-one-C), every three to six months. This test is done at the lab or your doctor’s office, it measures the average amount of blood sugar that has been in a person’s blood over the last three months. Regular self monitoring at home and periodic A1C monitoring are necessary to keep careful track of your blood sugar control.
Signs of diabetes:
Urinating more than usual
Feeling very hungry
Feeling more tired than usual
Losing weight without trying
Sores that heal slowly
Dry, itchy skin
Losing feeling in your feet, tingling in hands and feet
Types Of Diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes – You have type 1 diabetes if your pancreas can no longer make insulin and you must inject insulin to meet your body’s needs. Type 1 usually develops in children, teenagers and young adults.
Type 2 diabetes- can happen at any age, even childhood. It usually starts with insulin resistance family history of diabetes or being overweight and not active. “The Diabetes Prevention Trial,” a major clinical study, proved that losing weight and increasing physical activity, lowers the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes – Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a condition that can happen during the late stages of pregnancy.After the baby is born, blood glucose usually returns to normal.
Copy and Carry with you at all times if you have diabetes the following as suggested by the American Diabetes Association(ADA).
I HAVE DIABETES
If I am acting strangely or cannot be awakened, my blood
sugar may be low.
If I can swallow, give me 4 to 6 ounces of a sweetened soft
drink, fruit juice or other sugar source.
(Do not use a diet drink)
If I do not recover within 10 to 15 minutes, repeat the
above. Call a doctor or send me to a hospital.
If I cannot be awakened or cannot swallow, do not try to
give me anything by mouth. Call a doctor and send me to
a hospital right away.
This list of items for good diabetes care as suggested by the American Diabetes Association(ADA).
Bring this list to your doctor and diabetes educator when you visit them every 3 months sothat YOU can take charge of your diabetes.
TESTS (how often)
DATE OF VISIT
Hemoglobin A1C (every 3 months)
Weight (every visit)
Foot Exam (every visit)
Blood Pressure (every visit)
Cholesterol (once a year)
Triglycerides (once a year)
Microalbuminuria (once a year)
Eye Exam (once a year)
Dental Exam (once a year)
Flu Shot (once a year)